Find out which Bills were passed by the Parliament and which lapsed or were withdrawn in 2014
Bills that got passed
- The Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) Bill, 2014: This Bill aims to provide four existing IIITs, (in Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and two in Madhya Pradesh) independent statutory status and to declare them as institutes of national importance.
- The Central Universities (Amendment) Bill, 2014: The Bill is an amendment of the Central Universities Act, 2009 and seeks to set up a central university in Bihar, in addition to the existing one. It says that the state needed an additional university as the need for access to quality higher-education was not being met by just one university. The bill also proposes to rename the existing Central University of Bihar, to Central University of South Bihar, as it is located south of the river Ganges. The new central university is proposed to be set up north of the river Ganges in Motihari, East Champaran and will be called Mahatma Gandhi Central University.
- The School of Planning and Architecture (SPA) Bill, 2014: The Bill seeks to declare three existing SPAs in New Delhi, Bhopal and Vijayawada as institutes of national importance. This Bill will enable the institutes to promote education and research in architectural studies and enable them to grant degrees to their students.
The Bill that was withdrawn
- The Higher Education and Research Bill, 2011: This Bill had proposed to create an overarching body called National Commission for Higher Education and Research (NCHER) to regulate higher education (other than agricultural education and medical education) on lines of Securities and Exchange Board of India. This body would have subsumed the University Grant Commission (UGC), the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), the National Council for Teachers Education and the Distance Education Council. The Bill was withdrawn following criticism that it was not in keeping with the federal structure of the country as it was prepared without consultation with the State governments and sought to give all powers to the Commission and hence the Central government.
Bills that lapsed
- The Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operations) Bill, 2010: The Bill had been proposed to regulate the entry and operations of foreign educational institutions in India. However, it met a lot of criticism and finally in September 2013 the government passed an ordinance allowing foreign institutions to set up independent campuses without having to tie up with a partner.
- The National Accreditation Regulatory Authority for Higher Educational Institutions Bill, 2010: This Bill was proposed to make accreditation mandatory for all higher education institutes to improve the quality of the sector. However, it stayed stuck in Parliament hence in March 2014, the Human Resource Development Ministry passed an executive order (ordinance) to implement its key provisions.
- The Educational Tribunals Bill, 2010: This Bill sought to set up educational tribunals at the national and state level to settle disputes involving teachers and other employees of higher educational institutions and all other stakeholders such as students, universities and regulatory authorities.
- The Universities for Research and Innovation Bill, 2012: This Bill was proposed to allow the central government to set up Universities for Research and Innovation through notifications or declare any existing public funded university to be a university for research and innovation after assessment.
Source: PRS Legislative Research