The Open Doors Report-2009 stated that the number of international sudents studying at US colleges and universities increased by 8 percent to an all-time high of 671,616 boys and girls between 2008 and 2009 session. The reportpublished annually by the Institute of International Education (IIE) and the US Department of States Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairslabelled the rise as the highest percentage increase in international student enrollment since 1980 and 1981. The growth marks the third consecutive year of significant rise. (It was 7 percent in 2007 to 2008, and 3 percent in 2006 to 2007). Open Doors 2009 also showed the number of new international studentsthose who enrolled for the first time at a college or university during 2008 fallincreased by 16 percent. The largest growth was seen in undergraduate enrollments, which increased by 11 percent, compared to a 2 percent rise in graduate enrollments.